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Incorporating the Science of Reading

A comprehensive reading program incorporates five essential components: phonological awarenessphonicsvocabulary, fluency, and comprehension

The Colorado Literacy Framework 

Some Elements of the Colorado Literacy Framework:

Elementary Teacher Literacy Standards

The Elementary Teacher Literacy Standards are part of the Elementary Education Endorsement (K-6) outlined in the Colorado State Board of Education Rules. In 2016, the endorsement was updated in State Board Rules to ensure alignment to both to the Colorado Academic Standards as well as the Reading to Ensure Academic Success Act (READ Act). The Elementary Teacher Literacy Standards outline and describe practices and competencies for all K-6 teachers to teach students to read proficiently. 

Knowledge Base 

To learn more about the Science of Reading:

READ Act Tools & Resources

READ Act Communications Toolkit

This toolkit is intended to be used by district leaders, principals and teachers to communicate with parents about the Colorado READ Act. All resources can be modified and personalized to meet individual needs. Resources include fact sheets, videos, drop-in letters and a sample social media campaign. 

READ Act Minimum Skill Competencies:

These competencies from the State Board Rules can be used to support classroom instruction and as a tool to assist teachers in writing reading goals for students on a READ plan. The READ Act Minimum Reading Competency Skills serve as a guide for the end of year skills necessary to indicate a student is on track for acquiring basic grade-level reading skills.


The Minimum Reading Competency Skills have been arranged in a matrix as a support for educators to show the progression of minimum reading skills for kindergarten through third grades. Instructional examples, as available, are included in the matrix.

Minimum Skills Matrix all Grades

READ Plan Documents:

The READ Act states specific processes and elements to be part of READ Plan creation and ongoing student support. These resource documents provide educators with support for the effective implementation of a READ Plan.

READ Plan Checklist

  • PDF Document designed to support effective READ Plan implementation

READ Plan Sample

  • Word documents to include all components of a READ Plan

Writing Goals and Objectives for a READ Plan

  • Two case studies starting with interim and diagnostic results and then stepping through examples of goals and objectives that could be included in a READ Plan

Parent Communication (PDF)

  • Talking points to cover with parents upon implementing a READ Plan

READ and Individual Education Plans Guidance for Students with Disabilities (PDF)

  • Co-created by the Office of Literacy and Exceptional Student Services Unit. This document provides information on the implementation of READ plans for students with IEPs.

READ and English Learners

READ Plans beyond 3rd grade
  • Colorado's READ Act requires that a READ plan acquired in grades K-3 remains in place until a student has reached grade level reading competency, determined locally through a body of evidence. The Office of Literacy has created guidance documents to aid in considerations for assessment, support, and instruction,  as well as links to resources. 


Instructional Supports - System and School Level Resources

Meeting the Need of All Students

The Colorado READ Act Rules defines attributes for instruction at the universal instruction and targeted intervention levels. These resources can be used to support instruction for all students.

Reading Universe Grid

The Reading Universe is not a scope and sequence for reading instruction, however, every teacher should be equipped to teach each of the skills presented and in a systematic, explicit, and sequential way. Each block within the Reading Universe Grid links to an explanation of the skill, videos of exemplary instruction, activities and lesson plans, and other high-quality resources.

Tiers of Instruction

Outcomes Driven Model

  • Guiding Questions in the outcomes-driven model is a problem-solving model for reviewing student and system-level data.

Literacy Evaluation Tool

The Literacy Evaluation Tool should be used by consultants and specialists outside of the education program or by school district personnel to evaluate the literacy program used for increasing literacy outcomes at the elementary level.

District Literacy Scan

An informative rubric for how districts and schools can implement effective literacy practices.

Reading Coach