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Pregnant or Parenting Students

Pregnant or Parenting Students

Title IX prohibits discrimination based on a student’s pregnancy, childbirth, false pregnancy, termination of pregnancy, or recovery from any of these conditions. Title IX also prohibits schools from applying any rule related to a student’s parental, family, or marital status that treats students differently based on their sex.  

For more information, see

Notice of Proposed Federal Rulemaking

On June 23, 2022, the U.S. Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights (OCR) released proposed amendments to the Department’s Title IX regulations.  The proposed regulations aim to ensure full protection under Title IX for students, employees, and others and end all forms of sex discrimination in federally funded elementary and secondary schools and postsecondary institutions.  The agency’s goal is to ensure that no person experiences sex discrimination in education, that all students receive appropriate support as needed to access educational opportunities, and that school procedures for investigating and resolving complaints of sex discrimination, including sex-based harassment and sexual violence, are fair to all involved.  The proposed regulations would also clarify Title IX’s coverage of discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, as well as sex stereotypes, sex characteristics, and pregnancy or related conditions. 

The Department’s Proposed Title IX Rule was published in the Federal Register on July 11, 2022, thus beginning the 61 day public comment period.  To submit a comment, go to the Proposed Title IX Rule and click on the green box at the top that says “Submit a Formal Comment.”  The public comment period will close on Sept 12, 2022. 

Additional information on the proposed rule, includes a summary with background information and a fact sheet.    

Until any new regulations go into effect, the 2020 regulations remain in effect.  For more information on the 2020 regulations, visit: Sex-Based Harassment.


The Office for Civil Rights has developed the following pamphlet to support secondary schools and pregnant or parenting students:

For more information on how to support pregnant or parenting students, also see: